According to the 2011 census, Kerala's population was 33.38 million which 2.76 % of the Indian population is. Of this, 16.02 million are male and 17.36 million female.
The State boasts the highest Physical Quality of Life Index in the country with around 93.91% literacy, the lowest birthrate in the country - 15 %per 1000, a death rate of 6.4% per 1000 and infant mortality rate of 12 per 1000.
The vast majority, 52.3% i.e. 17.5 million, live in rural areas while 47.7%, i.e. 15.9 million, populate the cities.
Malappuram has the highest population of 4.1 million followed by Thiruvananthapuram with 3.3 million. Wayanad is the least populated district with a population of 0.81 million
Kerala has one of the highest literacy rates in the country - about 93.91 %. School education is free and compulsory. There are seven plus two deemed universities and 195 arts and science colleges in the State. The women in Kerala are more educated than women in any other part of the country.
Male literacy rates: 96.02%
Female literacy rates: 91.98%
Kerala is richly endowed with plenty of water bodies and large forest reserves. As for its mineral resources, its beaches have a high concentration of ilmenite, rutile zircon, monazite and sillimanite. Besides this, substantial deposits of silica/quartz, china clay, graphite and granite are also found.